Articulation and Phonological Disorders

Articulation is the process of our breath, voice box, and various parts of the mouth working together to create sounds and words.

When a person produces words or sounds incorrectly, (i.e. “wabbit” instead of “rabbit” or “poon” instead of “spoon”), they have an articulation difficulty. Most children will make speech errors when they are first learning to speak. However, those with speech and articulation delays will experience errors that persist beyond an age where they are expected to resolve.

For a list of Typical Sound Development milestones, please click here

A phonological process disorder involves patterns of sound errors. As children develop and learn to produce speech and language, they are actually trying to figure out the correct articulator position for sounds and how their articulators should move and work together to produce words and utterances. Producing speech as adults do is a complex action and, as a result, children often simplify their speech in predictable patterns called phonological processes. As a child's motor and language systems develop, they often stop using these processes. However, if they continue utilizing the process beyond a certain age, they are said to have a Phonological Disorder.

At WonderSpeak, we will assess your child to pinpoint errors and help you better understand your child’s difficulty and set them on the path to clearer speech.

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